The effectiveness of mindfulness – based cognitive therapy on Alexithymia and cognitive impairment in women with
Mohammad Ehsan Taghizadeh , Afsaneh Dalvand
1.Associate professor, department of psychology, Payam Noor University,Tehran ,Iran.
2.MSc, Department of psychology, Payam Noor University , Tehran,Iran (corresponding Author)
Introduction: Depressive disorder is associated with various consequences such as Alexithymia and cognitive impairment, which their elimination is of importance.
Aim: The aim of the present research was to evaluate the effectiveness of mindfulness- based cognitive therapy on Alexithymia and cognitive impairment in women with depressive disorder.
Method: The present research was an experimental study (pre- test and post- test) with a one month follow – up. The statistical population included all women with depression (2018) in Khoram Abad.Thirty women referred to Siddiq psychiatrist’s Clinic in Khoram Abad, who had received a diagnosis of major depression based on psychiatrist’s diagnosis and researcher’s clinical interview, were selected by purposeful sampling methods a research sample and randomly divided into two experimental and control groups with 15 participants in each group. Beck Depression questionnaire (TAS-20), Cognitive impairment questionnaire (CFQ) were used to measure the variables. The experimental group received Segals, Williams and Tizdel (2000) mindfulness- based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for 8 sessions of 2 hours, while the control group did not receive any intervention. Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data.
Results: the results showed that mindfulness – based cognitive therapy has lead to reduce alexithymia and cognitive impairmentand these results were maintained in the follow – up phase. (P=0.000)
Conclusion: Mindfulness- based cognitive therapy is effective in reducing alexithymia and cognitive impairment in women with depression and can be considered in addition to medication interventions.